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diamond mine slave workers africa

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South African workers union to strike at Petra Diamonds ...

South Africa's National Union of Mineworkers said on Thursday its members would go on an indefinite strike at Petra Diamonds Ltd's Koffiefontein Mine in the Northern Cape of South Africa.

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Who really controls Africa's 'blood-diamond' trade?

DeBeers was formed by British settler-colonialist Cecil Rhodes in 1870 and taken over in 1926 by white South African mine owner Ernest Oppenheimer, who migrated from Germany. One other major player in the Liberian diamond industry is the Antwerp Company, based in Belgium.

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South Africa's City of Diamonds: Mine Workers ...

This book examines the history of Kimberley and the mining industry from the discovery of diamonds and the rush by thousands of prospectors in the late 1860s to the construction of a monopoly enterprise by Cecil Rhodes and DeBeers Consolidated Mines in the 1880s and 1890s.

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Was your sparkling diamond produced by child slaves or ...

Children work as slaves in the diamond mines near Koidu Town, the capital of the Kono district of the Republic of Sierra Leone (ironically, a former British colony which was established for freed West African slaves and which was once the base for the Anti-Slavery Squadron of the Royal Navy).

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Black Labor Exploitation by Rhodes & De Beers from 1870 ...

In South Africa, De Beers Consolidated Mines Company controls the primary South African sources of diamonds, including seven large diamond mines around the country and De Beers operations accounted for about 94% of the nation's total diamond output.

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Remembering slavery in South Africa | African Independent

Slave women were routinely subjected to brutal sexual assault, but throughout the period of slavery, not one male – slave or freed, white or black – was convicted for the rape of a slave woman. Today, sexual violence in South Africa has reached epidemic proportions, with one in five women being assaulted.

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History of Diamonds in Africa | HowStuffWorks

Mines in Africa, Canada and other countries abound with the stones, which are mined, cut and then marked way up to result in a huge profit. However, De Beers, the powerhouse that controls about 60 percent of the diamond industry, has spent the last decades waging a stunning marketing campaign that continues to gain momentum.

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

numbers of the huge total of black workers on the gold mines of South Africa over the century from 1896 to 1996. These men were ... quarters at what were termed the slave-like conditions of ... diamond mining had reduced and the general economy had

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Blood Diamonds - Stanford University

Blood Diamonds: The Conflict in Sierra Leone ... on the south bank of the Orange River. Within the next fifteen years, African diamond mines produced more diamonds than the India, the previous leading producer, had in the last 2,000 years. ... more women and were abducted and taken into the bush to travel with the rebels and to act as ...

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Where Are Diamonds Mined? Countries That Produce Diamonds

The Big Hole diamond mine: This is a photo of "The Big Hole" diamond mine in Kimberley, South Africa. The mine was started in 1871 and closed in 1914. The mine was started in 1871 and closed in 1914. Thousands of workers toiled to excavate the 42-acre open pit portion of this mine by hand to a depth of nearly 800 feet.

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Your Smartphone Was Made By Child Slave Labor - Congo ...

 · Your Smartphone Is Powered by Child Labor at Cobalt Mines in Africa. Human rights watchdog Amnesty International has accused several tech and …

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The Risk of Asbestos Exposure in South African Diamond ...

Asbestos is associated with South African diamond mines due to the nature of kimberlite and the location of the diamond mines in relation to asbestos deposits. Very little is known about the ...

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Cecil Rhodes & De Beers: Genocide Diamonds | The Espresso ...

Pass laws, colonial taxation of African people to force them to work to be used as near slave labor in the diamond mines. Africans in the diamond mines were forced to stay away from family and wife, in compounds with only cold tea and bread.–much the same conditions today.

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Zimbabwe's diamond mineworkers want 250% pay hike | MINING…

Harare-based Associated Mine Workers Union of Zimbabwe wants employers to boost pay to a minimum of $800 a month for diamond-mine workers, $700 for platinum mines …

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World's second-largest diamond 'found in Botswana' - BBC News

The world's second-largest gem quality diamond has been discovered in Botswana, the Lucara Diamond firm says. The 1,111-carat stone was recovered from its Karowe mine…

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Remembering slavery in South Africa | African Independent

"Malay" slaves blended their music with Dutch ballads and further musical integration happened between "coloured" and African labourers working on the diamond mines in Kimberley. According to social historian, David Coplan, (1985) it was jazz that would influence and shape most "black" music, fusing with mbaqanga, marabi and kwela ...

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All That Glitters - 'The rock on which the future will be ...

African workers passed through a guarded gate, along a fenced walkway to the mine they worked at, and returned the same way. The only difference was that they were searched for diamonds …

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Mining Diamonds in the Canadian Arctic: The Diavik Mine ...

Figure 1. The Diavik diamond mine, shown here in February 2015, is located on a small island in Lac de Gras, approximately 300 km northeast of Yellowknife and 220 km south of the Arctic Circle, in a remote region of Canada's Northwest Territories.

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Inside the Democratic Republic of Congo's Diamond Mines ...

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, almost all diamond mining is done by hand. It's a labor-intensive process that requires hauling away layers of dirt and rock, sometimes 50 feet deep, to ...

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Mining misery in Brazil | Al Jazeera America

By 1720, it is estimated 400,000 Portuguese and 500,000 indigenous and African slaves had arrived in the region. Even today, locals tell of the legend of Chico Rei, a tribal chief from the Congo who, after arriving in the 18th century, is said to have bought his freedom from a gold mine before becoming one of the richest men in Ouro Preto.

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Slave labour behind 'blood diamonds' jewellery dug from ...

Children as young as nine are being put to work as slave labourers across the Central African Republic and the Philippines to mine gold and diamonds, according to two hard-hitting reports. Home U.K.

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South Africa could do more for miners, says ILO mining ...

The killings of more than 30 workers in the Marikana platinum mine have put the spotlight on working conditions in South Africa's mining industry. GENEVA (ILO News) – South Africa has taken significant steps since the end of apartheid to address working conditions in the mining industry, but ...

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910

Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910: The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago.

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Risk of Asbestos Exposure in South African Diamond Mine ...

Diamond mine workers in South Africa are thus at risk of asbestos exposure for two reasons. Firstly, diamonds are found in kimberlite, an ultramafic rock (Wilson et al., 2007) in …

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Southern Africa - European and African interaction in the ...

By 1897 more than half the mine workers on the Rand came from Mozambique, while thousands worked on South African farms. Germans in South West Africa The Germans were the last imperial power to arrive in Africa.

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